Mark Churchland, PhD

Academic Appointments

  • Associate Professor of Neuroscience (in the Mortimer B Zuckerman Mind Behavior Institute)
Mark Churchland, PhD

The brain is not only a remarkable computational organ – capable of feats that stymie the best computers and robots – it is the seat of who we are and all we think.  Yet despite such romantic notions, modern systems neuroscience has principally asked how the brain transforms inputs into outputs.  This approach has deep historical roots – Descartes, Sherrington – and fabulous modern successes – Mountcastle, Hubel and Wiesel.  Yet the brain is clearly more than a glorified input-output device.  The neural networks within it do not just respond to external stimuli, they also generate their own activity.  A principal goal of my laboratory is to study the neural dynamics responsible for this ability.  In particular, I study how primary motor cortex generates the rich temporal patterns of neural activity that are responsible for moving the body.  My laboratory also focuses on translating basic science knowledge regarding dynamics into better ‘neural prostheses’: brain-machine interfacesthat directly translate neural activity into movement, thus bypassing an injured limb or spinal cord.

Departments and Divisions

  • Department of Neuroscience

Lab Locations

  • Jerome L. Greene Science Center

    3227 Broadway
    L6-004
    New York, NY 10027
    Phone:
    (212) 853-1068
    Email:
    mc3502@columbia.edu

Committees / Societies / Memberships

Co-director, Grossman Center for the Statistics of Mind

Member, Kavli Institute for Brain Science

Member, Behavior Research

Honors and Awards

McKnight Scholar Award
Sloan Research Fellow
NIH Director's New Innovator Award Program
Searle Scholars Program
Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award in the Basic Biomedical Sciences

Research Interests

  • Cognitive/Systems Neuroscience
  • Motor Systems
  • Systems and Circuits
  • Theoretical Neuroscience

Grants

NIH Grants

A DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS APPROACH TO FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS IN NEUROSCIENCE

Project Dates: 30-SEPT-12 to 31-AUG-17

NIH Grants

  • IMAGING HUMAN BRAIN FUNCTION WITH MINIMAL MOBILITY RESTRICTIONS (Federal Gov)

    Sep 30 2017 - Jun 30 2022

    OPTIMAL FORCE PRODUCTION VIA FLEXIBLE NEURAL CONTROL OF MOTOR UNITS (Federal Gov)

    Sep 12 2018 - Sep 11 2020

    OPTIMAL FORCE PRODUCTION VIA FLEXIBLE NEURAL CONTROL OF MOTOR UNITS (Federal Gov)

    Sep 12 2018 - Aug 31 2020

    THE NEURAL WORKINGS OF SELF-INITIATED AND QUASI-AUTOMATIC MOVEMENTS (Federal Gov)

    Sep 30 2015 - Sep 29 2018

    THE NEURAL WORKINGS OF SELF-INITIATED AND QUASI-AUTOMATIC MOVEMENTS (Federal Gov)

    Sep 30 2015 - Sep 29 2018

    ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE VOLUNTARY REACTION TIME (Private)

    Jul 1 2015 - Jun 30 2018

    DYNAMICS OF NEURAL COORDINATION ACROSS HEMISPHERES (Private)

    Jul 1 2015 - Jun 30 2018

    A DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS APPROACH TO FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS IN NEUROSCIENCE (Federal Gov)

    Sep 30 2012 - Aug 31 2017

    CRCNS: UNDERSTANDING FLEXIBLE NEURAL COMPUTATIONS IN THE MOTOR CORTEX (Federal Gov)

    Aug 1 2016 - Jul 31 2017

    SPATIOTEMPORAL STRUCTURE OF NEURAL POPULATION DYNAMICS IN THE MOTOR SYSTEM (Private)

    Jul 1 2014 - Jun 30 2017

    NETWORK MODELS FOR TIMING AND SEQUENCE GENERATION (Federal Gov)

    May 1 2011 - Feb 28 2017

    THE NEURAL SUBSTRATE OF VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT INITIATION (Private)

    Jul 1 2013 - Jun 30 2016

    A DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS APPROACH TO FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS IN NEUROSCIENCE (Federal Gov)

    Sep 15 2013 - Sep 15 2015

    A DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS APPROACH TO FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS IN NEUROSCIENCE (Federal Gov)

    Jul 1 2012 - Jun 30 2015

    EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF RECURRENT NEURAL PROCESSES IN THE PRIMATE BRAIN (Private)

    Jun 1 2011 - Aug 31 2014

Publications

  • Churchland MM. (2015). Using the precision of the primate to study the origins of movement variability. Neuroscience 296, 92-100.
  • Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV. (2014). Cortical activity in the null space: permitting preparation without movement. Nat Neurosci 17, 440-448.
  • Shenoy KV, Sahani M, Churchland MM. (2013). Cortical control of arm movements: a dynamical systems perspective. Annu Rev Neurosci 36, 337-359.
  • Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Shenoy KV. (2013). The roles of monkey M1 neuron classes in movement preparation and execution. J Neurophysiol 4, 817-825.
  • Gilja V, Nuyujukian P, Chestek CA, Cunningham JP, Yu BM, Fan JM, Churchland MM, Kaufman MT, Kao JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV. (2012). A high-performance neural prosthesis enabled by control algorithm design. Nat Neurosci 15, 1752-1757.
  • Churchland MM, Abbott LF. (2012). Two layers of neural variability. Nat Neurosci 15, 1472-1474.
  • Churchland MM, Cunningham JP, Kaufman MT, Foster JD, Nuyujukian P, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV. (2012). Neural population dynamics during reaching. Nature 487, 51-56.
  • Shenoy, K.V., Kaufman, M.T., Sahani, M., and Churchland, M.M. (2011). A dynamical systems view of motor preparation: Implications for neural prosthetic system design. In Progress in Brain Research: Enhancing Performance for Action and Perception, A. Green, E. Chapman, J.F. Kalaska, and F. Lepore, eds. (Elsevier).
  • Churchland, M.M., Cunningham, J.P., Kaufman, M.T., Ryu, S.I., and Shenoy, K.V. (2010a). Cortical Preparatory Activity: Representation of Movement or First Cog in a Dynamical Machine? Neuron 68, 387-400.
  • Churchland, M.M.**, Yu, B.M.**, Cunningham, J.P., Sugrue, L.P., Cohen, M.R., Corrado, G.S., Newsome, W.T., Clark, A.M., Hosseini, P., Scott, B.B., Bradley D.C., Smith M.A., Kohn A., Movshon J.A., Armstrong K.M., Moore T., Chang S.W., Snyder L.H., Lisberger S.G., Priebe N.J., Finn I.M., Ferster D., Ryu S.I., Santhanam G., Sahani M., and Shenoy K.V. (2010b). Stimulus onset quenches neural variability: a widespread cortical phenomenon. Nat Neurosci 13, 369-378.
  • Churchland, M.M., Yu, B.M., Sahani, M., and Shenoy, K.V. (2007). Techniques for extracting single-trial activity patterns from large-scale neural recordings. Curr Opin Neurobiol 17, 609-618.
  • Churchland, M.M., and Shenoy, K.V. (2007). Delay of movement caused by disruption of cortical preparatory activity. J Neurophysiol 97, 348-359.
  • Churchland, M.M., Afshar, A., and Shenoy, K.V. (2006). A central source of movement variability. Neuron 52, 1085-1096.